What was the Impact of the Treaty of Versailles on the Republic?

  • Created by: bethedoc
  • Created on: 09-05-12 10:22

In May 1919, the terms of the Treaty of Versailles were announced. 

  • Germany lost 10% of it land
  • Germany lost all of its overseas colonies
  • Germany lost 12.5% of its population
  • Germany lost 16% of its coal and 48% of its iron industry
  • Its army was reduced to 100,000 men that had to be volunteers
  • No air force
  • Reduced Navy
  • War Guilt
  • Reparations

When Ebert agreed to the Treaty, he had tipped Germany into chaos. 

Resentment against the new government was huge and in early 1919, communist leaders started a series of revolts. The main one was the Spartacists Revolt which was stopped by the Freikorps (ex-soldiers). However, at the end of this victory the Freikorps felt the need for more power. Afraid of this, Ebert tried to disband them but this led to the…


Miss E


Good set of notes on the terms of the Treaty of Versailles and some of the short term effects up to 1923, well summarised. To improve add some of the longer term effects, i.e. the 'stab in the back myth' and how Hitler was able to use the Treaty to gain support later.