UNIT 2 Education with Research Methods

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Functionalist Perspective

The growth of state education

In the UK, free compulsory state school started in 1870.

  • 1880- state school was made compulsory up to the age of 10 yrs old
  • 1918- it was made compulsory up to the age of 14 yrs old
  • 1972- made compulsory uo to the age of 16 yrs old
  • 2005- more than 3/4 of all 16-18 yr olds were taking part in some form of education and training
  • 2015- education and training would be compulsory up to age of 18 yrs old
  • Almost 40% of school leavers now go on to study higher education

The Functionalist Perspective

  • See society as an interrelated whole (connect)
  • To function, every institution performs one or more important function, which helps society to run smoothly
  • Like a body, for it to work, organs must work together
  • Functionalist theory of education, looks at the postitive benefits and functions that education perform in society

Emile Durkheim (education and social solidarity)

  • saw the main role of education as the transmission of norms and values of society
  • education helps to unite all individuals in society, creating a sense of belonging= known as social solidarity
  • teaching of history allows individuals to learn about their society and develop a sense of commitment to it
  • saw schools as miniature societies- as they learn to interact with others and follow a fixed set of rules- provides preparation for later life when individuals have to get on


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