Characters that display racism:
- Mrs Dubose
- The Sheriff
- Aunt Alexandra
- Cousin Francis
- The Ewells
- Mr Cunningham
- The preponderance of Maycomb society
Other ways racism is portrayed
- Jury's verdict
- Instituational racism and segregation of the court room
- Day of the trial
Chapter 11: pg 105-118
'Your father's no better than the ******* and trash he works for'
- Frightens kids with unkind remarks
- Shows how a racist mindset is especially enforced within the older generation
- Atticus tries to cool the children's indignation at hearing their father being called names
- Such language reflects badly on the person using it, rather that the person it is directed at which is difficult for the kids to learn
'he hadn't the heart to put him in the jail along side Negroes'
- After Boo suspected of stabbing rather with a pair of scissors
- Institutional racism
- Displays how even the law can have an element of racism in it
'Put my bag in the front bedroom Calpurnia' was the first thing Aunt Alexandra said
- Imperitives are used
'You've got to face it sooner of later and it might as well be tonight. We dont need her now'
- Pursasive language
- Overall, Aunt Alexandra appears to be conforming to the racist idologies of Maycomb society
- She is presented as bossy and controlling of Calpurnia when she first arrives
- She is a domeneering character
- She treats Cal like a servant and dismisses her as anything other than this
- She is enforcing her ideals on the children which stem from the racist attitudes of society at this time
- Lee delibrerately uses this racist remark to introudce Alexandra into the household in order to forershadow how she will attempt to implament this mindset on Jem and Scout
- She is at odds with Atticus about the type of things he is teaching the children
- Scout never understands her Aunt's preoccupation with family
- However, she mellows after the trial when she sees what a straub the events are placing on her brother
- Scout increases her respect for her as a result of this
- How quick Aunt Alexandra is to enforce her own ideals in her brother's household
- Demonstartes extent of prejudice and intolerance
- Scout's reaction to aunt Alexandra doing this emphasises her youth and loyalty
- Les's tone in the chpter gently ridicules and mocks Alex's attitudes
- Maycomb societal views championed by Alex - caste systemAtticus values Calpurnia as an individual, not as a black person. The word 'tried' evidences Calpurnia's effort in bringing the children up the right way.
'I guess it aint your fault if Uncle Atticus is a ******-lover besides, but I'm here to tell you it certainly does mortify the rest of the family'
At a safe distance he called 'He's nothing but a ******-lover!'
- The use of the derrogratory term '******' in a young child's voacbulary highlights the extent of prejudice within society
- Pseudohistorical nature of the novel
- Probably doesn't fully understand the horror of the word