Theories of deviance and crime
The next three approaches are the dominant approaches in explaining deviance and crime.
Functionalism- Deviane is breaking consensual rules."Why do some people break the rules?" Positivistic approach to explaining deviance.Crime statistics are seen as asuful resource that can be used in comparitive studies of different social groups.The role of the CJS is to enforce consesual rules.
evaluation> Marxists and Feminists say there is no genuine consensual values in society.
Marxism- Deviants are seen as the real or alleged breakers of the ruling class rules.Marxists often study "the crimes of the powerful."
evaluation> Studies may ignore victims and focus on offenders.Interactionalists claim marxists overemphasis economic explanations of crime.