The Synoptic Problem and Source Criticism

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The Synoptic Problem and Source Criticism

·         The synoptic problem is an investigation into the nature of the literary relationship between the first three synoptic gospels (Matthew, Mark and Luke)

·         When two of the three gospels agree then it is called double tradition and if all three agree it is called a triple tradition ie 91% of Mark is found in Matthew and 53% in Luke

·         One source theory

o   Traditional view of the Christian church including St Augustine

o   Directly linked all the gospels that one of the gospel writers had possession of the gospels

o   In directly linked the gospels that two gospel writers had access to a shared


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