Skeletal System

Main bones of the skeletal system

Human skeleton, with the bones labelled: cranium, clavicle, sternum, humerus, radius, ulna, femur, patella, tarsals, metatarsals, phalanges.

Functions of the skeletal system

Movement - The bones of the skeleton acts as levers and form joints that allow muscles to produce

Support and protection - The bones of the skeleton provide support for the body and the organs.

Production of blood cells - Bones in the skeleton produce bone marrow which produces red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.

Mineral storage - The bones of the skeleton hold minerals and can store calcium for other bodily functions.

Attachment of muscles - Bones of the skeleton provide surfaces for the attachment of muscles.

Joints

The role of joints and connective tissues

Connective tissues have tissues, cartilage and tendons

A joint held together by ligaments for joint stability

Cartilage found at the end of bones and where joints meet

Tendons attach

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