Study: Willis ( 1977)
Research : Working class 'lads' at school and work.
Research methods: Qualitative observation and group interviews
Strengths: High validity, close to actual social life in schools
Weakness: Small, all-male sample. May have influenced behaviour of subjects.
Study: Ball et al (1995)
Research: Study of 15 schools and education market
Research methods: Observation of meetings;interviews with teachers and 150 parents
Strengths: Triangulation of data. Mixed primary and secondary sources. Large-scale study. Able to look at links between policies and parenta ldecison-making.
Weakness: Didn't interview pupils. Didnt directly observe effects markets in schools.
Study: McKnight et al (2005)
Research: New labour education policies
Research methods: Examined official statistics on Key Stage tests and GCSE results
Strengths: Able to do statistical analysis using reliable government statistcs
Weakness: Validity ofdata could be questioned, e.g. have standards required to pass GCSEs changed over time?
Study: Gillborn & Youdell (2001)
Research: 'Intelligence' and 'ability' in two London secondary schools
Research methods: Qualitative research using observation and interviews
Strengths: In-depth study provides detailed picture of two schools- should be high in validity
Weakness: Small, unrepresentative sample of schools. Hard to generalise from findings. Hard to know how honest and open teachers would be when interviewed.
Study: Douglas (1964, 1970)
Research: Home influence on educational attaintment
Research methods: Longitudinal study, used IQ tests, statisitcs in attainment, data on parents' evenings attendance to measure parental intrest in education.
Strengths: Able to…