Religious organisations

  • Created by: Ellie
  • Created on: 01-05-14 15:15

Troeltsch disringuished between two types of religious organisations: the church and the sect.

Churches (e.g. Catholisicm and Islam)

  • Large organisations, oftens with millions of members
  • Members are usually born into the organisation
  • Run by a bureaucratic hierarchy of professional priests
  • Claim to have a monopoly of truth 
  • Universalistic - Claim to include the whole of society
  • Tend to be ideologically conservative and are linked to the state
  • Tend to make very few demands upon their members

Sects (e.g. Westboro Baptist Church)

  • Small
  • Exclusive 
  • Hostile to wider society
  • Expect high levels of commitment from


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