- Weber - six charcteristics,
- Large universal membership - majority of Christians in the UK.
- Inclusive membership - born into church, sense of identity.
- Bureaucratis structures and hierarchers - like large business organisations and tend to be bureaucratic.
- Professional clergy - salaried professionals.
- Tied to the state - accept the way wider society is organised.
- A monopoly of the truth - their theologies and belief system are superior.
- Bruce - this defintion is more relebant to pre modern Christian societies because religion became more fragmented after the industrial revelution and consequently modern society is now characterised by religious pluralism.
- Davie - churches are always conservative or connect to the state and ruling class.
- Some radical bishops are quite critical of the ruling class and the various typed of inequality that exist today.
- Niebuhr - characteristics
- Large membership - more members from work classes.
- Inclusive membership - membership is involuntary.
- A bureaucracy - hierarchies.
- A professional clergy - employed full time or part time.
- An acceptance of wider society - do not usually conflict with wider social or cultural beliefs and values.
- Acceptance of religious diversity - reasonably happy to co exist.
- No monopoly of the truth
- A level of commitment is expected .
- A charismatic leader - David Koresh led the Branch Davidians.
- A small membership - fairly small in terms of the numbers
- No professional clergy or bureaucracy - depend on the authority of the charismatic leader for their theology and rules.
- Exclusive membership
- Total commitment and control - giving…