Relationship of Family to social change


Pre-Industrial society

  • farming and agricuture were the dominant occupations 
  • family was a production unit
  • geographial mobiliy was limited 
  • communities were small, tightknit
  • no formal education, religious participation washig
  • According to Talcott Parsons, the extended family was most popular 
  • family was multi-functional - roles of education, childcare, healthcare
  • ascribed status
  • Peter Laslett research shows that nuclear families wee the norm in pre-industrial England. extended families may have been important, but unlikely because of low life expectancy.

Urban Industrial Society

  • factory machinery mass produced goods
  • development of rail and steam boats tracel. 
  • geographical mobility stilllimited
  • life was organised around the factories, bonds were lost, more loose knit
  • formal education 
  • decline of women in work place 
  • Parsons said that the isolated nuclear family emerged - no longer need to live with extended family. 
  • family is now a unit of…


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