Background on Plato
- Plato was a Greek Philosopher.
- Born est. 427 BC
- Died est. 347 BC
- Student of Socrates.
- Most commonly known for his ideas on the forms.
- His most famous book was the republic although his ideas on the Demiourge were written in Timaeus.
- Humans possessed immortal souls, distinct from their bodies. (Dualism)
- For Plato there is a distinct separation between the spiritual and the physical being.
- Plato believes that pre-existing knowlege (A priori) possessed by the immortal human soul is the knowlege known to the supreme deity.
- He calls this deity the Demiurge, or the Craftsman God.
- He is a non intimate, non-imminant God.
- He is the Embodiment of Logos.
- He is why trees have a limit, and why the sea does not continue rising forever.
- It easiest to see him as an Architect. Designing a perfect arrangement for the forms.
- He gives it this name because he believes the Deity used the pre-existing knowlege of the forms to craft the world and it's beings from matter.