Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

  • Created by: gemshort
  • Created on: 14-11-17 20:54

All OCD-related disorders involve repetitive behaviour accompanied by obsessive thinking

Behavioural characteristics of OCD

  • There are two elements to compulsive behaviour:  repetition and anxiety reduction. Typically sufferers of OCD feel compelled to repeat a behaviour. The vast majority of compulsive behaviours are performed in an attempt to manage the anxiety produced by obsessions.
  • Avoidance: The behaviour of OCD suffers may be characterised by avoidance as they attempt to reduce anxiety by keeping away from situations that trigger it

Emotional characteristics of OCD

  • Anixety and distress: OCD is regarded as a particularly unpleasant emotional experience because of the powerful anxiety that accompanies both obsessions and compulsions. The urge to repeat a behaviour (a compulsion) creates anxiety
  • Accompanying depression: OCD is often accompanied by depression, so anxiety can be accompanied by low


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