IDIOLECT- the unique combination of words, expressions and constructions that an individual habitually uses. If you have ever mimicked a teacher's habitual way of speaking to a class, you have noticed features of his/her idiolect.
SOCIOLECT- the kind of language we draw on to display our membership of specific social groups i.e. age, gender, social class, ethnicity, occupation, interests.
DIALECT- the accent, lexis and grammar of a specific geographical area.
PHATICS- turns designed to maintain cooperation and respect with the other speaker.
TRANSIENT- time bound.
PROSODIC SIGNALS- para linguistic vocal elements i.e. intonation, pitch
STATIC- space bound.
PERSON DEIXIS- I, you, we
SPATIAL DEIXIS- here, there, left, right.
TEMPORAL DEIXIS- now, then, today.
ABSTRACT NOUNS(any nouns you can't touch) - anger, dreams, hope.
PROPER NOUN(starts with a capital letter) - Ellie (name)
SUBJECT- what the sentence is about/ the main focus, the person/noun doing the verb.
CLAUSE- the part of the sentence which can make sense on its own. Include subject, noun.
SUBORDINATE CLAUSE- the part of the sentence which, once the conjunctive is taken away, will not make sense on its own. Less important.
FRAGMENT- a piece of something; not whole (of a sentence)
SIMPLE SENTENCE- contains one clause.
COMPOUND SENTENCE- contains two/ more clauses joined by coordinating conjunctions.
COMPLEX SENTENCE- contains a main clause and a subordinate clause.
DETERMINERS- determine what we are talking about i.e. the
MODIFIERS- describe a word or make…