Key Terms

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  • Created by: Ellie
  • Created on: 09-03-13 13:14


IDIOLECT- the unique combination of words, expressions and constructions that an individual habitually uses. If you have ever mimicked a teacher's habitual way of speaking to a class, you have noticed features of his/her idiolect.

SOCIOLECT- the kind of language we draw on to display our membership of specific social groups i.e. age, gender, social class, ethnicity, occupation, interests.

DIALECT- the accent, lexis and grammar of a specific geographical area.

PHATICS- turns designed to maintain cooperation and respect with the other speaker.

TRANSIENT- time bound.

PROSODIC SIGNALS- para linguistic vocal elements i.e. intonation, pitch

STATIC- space bound.


SPATIAL DEIXIS- here, there, left, right.

TEMPORAL DEIXIS- now, then, today.

ABSTRACT NOUNS(any nouns you can't touch) - anger, dreams, hope.

PROPER NOUN(starts with a capital letter) - Ellie (name)

COMMON- dog.

CONCRETE- dog/table.



IMPERATIVE- command.

EXCLAMATIVE- exclamation.

SUBJECT- what the sentence is about/ the main focus, the person/noun doing the verb.

CLAUSE- the part of the sentence which can make sense on its own. Include subject, noun.

SUBORDINATE CLAUSE- the part of the sentence which, once the conjunctive is taken away, will not make sense on its own. Less important.

FRAGMENT- a piece of something; not whole (of a sentence)

SIMPLE SENTENCE- contains one clause.

COMPOUND SENTENCE- contains two/ more clauses joined by coordinating conjunctions.

COMPLEX SENTENCE- contains a main clause and a subordinate clause.

DETERMINERS- determine what we are talking about i.e. the

MODIFIERS- describe a word or make…


Paul Dutton


A very useful revision tool, a handy way to reflect on some key terms.



very good

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