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Institutional care is when children stay in places such as orphanages or childrens homes. This could be due to family breakdowns or the inability for a caregiver to look after the child.

Rutter at al (2007)

- Longitudinal study / comparing Romanian orphans who were early or late adopted by UK familes with UK born adoptees who were placed with families before 6 months.

- The Romanian orphans went into orphanage between 1 and 2 weeks old. Orphanage conditions were very poor. 

- 58 babies were adopted before 6 months old (early adopted.

- 48 babies were adopted between 2-4 years (late adopted)

Some of these children were interviewed and observed at the ages 4, 6 and 11


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