- Created by: Min
- Created on: 30-05-14 20:59
Kleos - renown, glory and reputation earned through conducting yourself according to heroic values eg. bravery, acceptance of death on the battle field and the accumulation of material goods - think about how much Odysseus returned with. If he had not returned with his treasure, he would have been humiliated because he would have no proof of his kleos that was sung of over the previous 20 years. However, kloes can only be earned through deeds that have been witnessed by others. Therefore it was essential that Odysseus had faced all the monsters that he did with his men to witness his bravery and cunning, but his kloes is made greater by the fact that he achieved it without the help of Athene. Achelles' death is a good example of fame won in battle as the gave him eternal fame (think about how we use the phrase Achilles heel). Odysseus gained great Kleos as a result of his heroic deeds from Troy, his journey back to Ithaca and his slaughter of the Suitors - 'he'd come to an ignominious end, finghting alone against so many' as said by a Suitor in Book 2 (despite ths Odysseus still killed them and won back his palalce and wife). This is seen in the stories and songs sung by Phemius and Demodocus, the bards in Ithaca and Phaeacia respectively.
Oikos - this is a household that encompasses everything - family members, slaves ect. Everthing that lives inside Odysseus' oikos in Ithaca belongs to him. The Suitors abuse the…