Government

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  • Created by: Cara
  • Created on: 03-06-12 15:08

Bullet Point One

 

The Development of the Tudor governmental machine, 15 36-15 53: privy council, finance, local control and Parliament

 

The nature and exercise of royal power

 

      Ruled dei gratia or by the will of God

       

      This view was supported and maintained by the Church (through the pulpit) 

       

      Rebellion against the monarch was regarded as rebellion against God

       

      Therefore, treason was regarded as a serious crime

       

      The rebellion in which Mary I took the throne is the only one to succeed – due to the legality of her

      situation

       

      The importance of law and the legal structure

       

      The monarch was expected to protect and enforce the laws of the kingdom

       

      Rex is Lex and Lex is Rex - the king is the law and the law is the king

       

      The monarch could not ignore or break the law – they were expected to behave within the accepted

      structure

       

      Their powers included: raising troops, waging war, concluding peace, conducting foreign affairs,

      summoning and dissolving parliament, pardoning offenders, managing coinage, arranging the marriage

      of members of the royal family

       

      These political, military and economic powers were known as royal prerogative

       

      The monarch could not: levy taxes, make laws at will, set aside the rights of the subject or behave as a

      tyrant – they had to respect the believe that everyone within the kingdom were bound by the common

      ‘weal’ or good

       

      There had to be a balance between the rights and duty of the monarch and their subject

 

The extent to which royal power increased
in the aftermath of the Henrcian Reformation
and the measures taken to secure and maintain royal power

 

Financial Gain

      The crown gained financially at various stages of the Reformation, for example, the clergy paid a fine of £119,000 to be pardoned of praemunire in February 15 31.

       

      Even when the crown was not directly benefiting, the religious changes increased the wealth of the English church, for example with the banning of payment of annates to Rome in the First Act of Annates of 15 32, confirmed in the Second Act of Annates in January 15 34, and in the same month, with the Act to Stop Peter’s Pence, which ended the payment of taxation to Rome. 

       

      By December 15 34, however, the Act for First Fruits and Tenths saw that these particular taxes went to the King and not the Pope. 

       

      The Act for Dissolution of Lesser Monasteries

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