Durkheim's functionalist theory of crime

Functionalists see society as a stable system based on value consensus- shared norms, values, beliefs and goals. This produces social solidarity, binding individuals together into a harmonious unit. To achieve this, society has two key mechanisms: Socialisation instils the shared culture into its members to ensure that the internalise the same norms and valuesm and that they feel it right to act in the ways in which society requires. Social control - mechanisms include rewards for conformity, and punishments for deviance. Crime is inevitable and universal; While crime disrupts social stability, functionalists see it as inevitable and universal. Durkheim sees crime as a normal part of all healthy societies…


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