Biodiversity - the general term used to describe variety in the living world. 3 components:
1. Species Diversity - number of different species and the number of individuals of each species within any one community.
2. Genetic Diversity - the variety of genes possessed by the individuals that make up a population of a species.
3. Ecosystem Diversity - the range of different habitats, from a small local habitat to the whole of the Earth.
Measuring the Index of Diversity
Using the index which is calculated using this formula:
d = index of diversity
N = total number of organisms…