Diversity within a community

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Biodiversity - the general term used to describe variety in the living world. 3 components:

1. Species Diversity - number of different species and the number of individuals of each species within any one community.

2. Genetic Diversity - the variety of genes possessed by the individuals that make up a population of a species.

3. Ecosystem Diversity - the range of different habitats, from a small local habitat to the whole of the Earth.

Measuring the Index of Diversity

Using the index which is calculated using this formula:

Where:

d = index of diversity

N = total number of organisms

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