COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY-Multi Store Model of Memory

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  • Created by: Becky
  • Created on: 03-01-10 19:50

Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968, 1971)

Suggests that memory consists of three stores:
Sensory Memory: Takes in all the information from around us through the senses. It is stored for a brief amount of time, a matter of seconds. If we do nothing with the information it is forgotton.
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Transferred by ATTENTION
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-Short-term Memory: A limited store for attended information. It has a capacity of 7 /
2 "chunks" but information rarely lasts longer than 18-30 seconds.If we do nothing with the information it is forgotton.
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Transferred by REHEARSAL
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Long-term Memory: Has a potentially infinate capacity and can hold memories for a few minutes or many years

Evaluation

Positives:
It seems logical that rehearsal is needed to transfer short term memories into long term memories. Almost everyone has

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