Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968, 1971)
Suggests that memory consists of three stores:
Sensory Memory: Takes in all the information from around us through the senses. It is stored for a brief amount of time, a matter of seconds. If we do nothing with the information it is forgotton.
Transferred by ATTENTION
-Short-term Memory: A limited store for attended information. It has a capacity of 7 / 2 "chunks" but information rarely lasts longer than 18-30 seconds.If we do nothing with the information it is forgotton.
Transferred by REHEARSAL
Long-term Memory: Has a potentially infinate capacity and can hold memories for a few minutes or many years
It seems logical that rehearsal is needed to transfer short term memories into long term memories. Almost everyone has…