Put forward by the World Health Organisation and DSM IV (an american system)
Basically pschiatrists refer to these systems to 'look up' a patients symptoms. In most instances more than one of these elements have to occur at the same time and over a prolonged period of time.
- personal harm and suffering
- Abnormality (statistical, social, individual)
- Limitations or disabilities in what a person can perform
- Danger for others or the individual themselves
The international classification of Diseases (ICD) is an international standard diagnostic classification for all general diseases and illnesses and many health management purposes, published by WHO. It now exists in its tenth version. Chapter V is relevant for mental and behavioural disorders.
10 main groups:
- F0 - Organic including symptomatic, mental disorders.
- F1 - Mental and behavioural disorders due to use of psychoactive substances
- F2 - Schizophrenia, schizotypal and delusion disorders
- F3 - Mood [affective] disorders
- F4 - Neurotic, stress related and somatoform disorders
- F5 - Behavioural syndromes associated with…