CIST4 - The Gulf War

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The Gulf War (2 August 1990 – 28 February 1991)

  • 34 Nations led by the USA in response to Iraq's annexation of Kuwait
  • Leader of Iraq Saddam Hussein in power for 10 years and he made the economy challenging
  • Iraq bordered Iran and Saudi. Iraq and Iran had battled for years which cost the country billions
  • Kuwait, which was near Iraq contained 10% of the world's oil. Hussein wanted Kuwait to put up the price of oil, but they wouldn't.
  • Husseing then accused Kuwait of Slant Drilling
  • Then mobilised his troops and sent his army into Kuwait to take over
  • Kuwait were unprepared and had a small army and so Iraq's army had control within 24 hours and 1/5 of the world's oil reserves.
  •  Two-thirds of the 21 members of the Arab League condemned Iraq’s act of aggression, and Saudi Arabia’s King Fahd, along with Kuwait’s government-in-exile, turned to the United States and other members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) for support.
  • On August 3 - the United Nations Security Council called for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait; they tried to mediate with them but it failed, three days later, King Fahd met with U.S. Secretary of Defense to request U.S. military assistance.
  • On August 8, the day on which the Iraqi government formally annexed Kuwait – Hussein called it the first U.S. Air Force fighter planes began arriving in Saudi Arabia as part of a military buildup


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