changing role of government

  • Created by: eda
  • Created on: 25-09-20 20:55


-God- almighty, people feared going to hell  -The monarch- known to be chosen by god, limited power due to having support from nobility & gentry for roles in government, they had to be an adult, competent and male as women were know to be incapable of ruling made decisions e.g. policies, duty to protect country from invasions, power based on magna carta and royal council, after the system reforms in 1485 ruling of the monarch changed as informal bodies were involved e.g. royal court and privy chamber, and formal institutions e.g. court and judicial system  -Nobility- involved dukes, earls, barons, lords– minority group of men who held highest position, relied on monarch to protect their land/property ,dealt with local issues, saw themselves as natural advisers of kings, could rebel/start uprising  -Gentry- involved knights– people. Who were able to raise their positions-social mobility e.g. marriages, could rebel/start uprising  -Yeoman, artisans-– owned own land, independent, not paid wages, didn’t pay rent, skilled men that were educated meaning they were leaders of communities, could rebel/start uprising  -Peasants- paid wages, paid rent, most vulnerable to social and economic crisis’, didn’t own land, were responsible for food production of food so if there were poor harvest or price increases they would be blamed, they could rebel as they outnumbered the monarch  -Vagrants and beggars- lived in countryside, threat to society, controlled by social superiors, treated harshly by Tudors act of parliament 


-Royal court- served monarch, they displayed the monarch e.g. their power and wealth to visitors, these were individuals who wanted power and patronage  -Royal household- responsible for domestic needs, Board of the Green cloth were employing workers for kitchen, laundries, menial jobs, population growth depended on monarchs needs, criticised for being expensive so the Eltham Ordinances tried to make it inexpensive but failed -Privy chamber- looked after rooms of the palace-important for privacy of monarch, Hampton court included a guard room which was the ’watching chamber’ where all visitors had to pass by. Presence chamber was where monarch would dine, privy chamber was rooms where the monarch lived.  -Soft power-  this was used to take advantage of monarch e.g. nobles  -Dry stamp- kept by gentlemen of the chamber, henry VII used it to quicken paperwork e.g. Stamping signature  -Factions- informal group of people who would access the monarch through religious/political upheavals. Seymour, Hertford and Dudley were the leaders and would gain control of dry stamp through members of their faction in the privy council.  - King Henry VI- Henry VIII’s dad, known for his mismanagement, DOESN’T care about the state he just tried to prevent wars to secure his plane on the throne. The lands he brought were used by  Henry VIII’s wars. Stopped the war of roses . He had a privatised government meaning he exploited the government which meant he was seen as using medieval times ruling. He didn’t leave much of a powerful state behind for his son.


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