C1d

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  • Created by: Joanna
  • Created on: 14-01-12 16:36

C1d

Hydrocarbons

^ Compounds that only contain carbons and hydrogens

CARBON: makes 4 bonds each

HYDROGEN: makes 1 bond each

TO MAKE A HYDROCARBON, hydrogen and carbon atoms REACT to form COVALENT BONDS. 

^Covalent bonds < carbon and hydrogen atoms SHARE a pair of ELECTRONS.

Alkanes

^hydrocarbon has only single covalent bonds

^^the name of an alkane ALWAYS ends in -ane

^^^ALKANES ARE SATURATED (have a maximum number of hydrogen atoms per carbon atom

^^^^ The formula for an alkane is CnH2n

Alkenes

^A hydrocarbon has one or more double carbon-carbon (C=C) covalent bonds, it is an alkene

^^Double bonds have TWO SHARED PAIRS OF ELECTRONS

^^^the…

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