Amino acids - These act as the monomers of proteins. They make up around 50% of a living organism and consist of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen.
Functions of proteins:
- They can be used in structural components: e.g. muscle and bone
- They are membrane carriers.
- All enzymes are proteins
- Many hormones are proteins
- Antibodies are proteins
Joining amino acids together
Amino acids are join together through a condensation reaction where an amide link is formed from the removal of water. The bond formed is also known as a peptide bond which can be broken through a hydrolysis reaction.
The amino acid sequence of a protein is known as its primary structure.
A chain of amino…