Ancient Greek Medicine

HideShow resource information

Background Information 

  •  Grew more than enough food and traded with many other Mediterranean countries. 
  •  They used slaves which gave the Greeks time to educate themselves. 
  • Wartime wounds needed treatments and doctors learn about anatomy
  •  Wealthier people could employ doctors
  •  Improvements in the strength of materials helped to make better surgical instruments. 

Natural Beliefs and Treatments – The Theory of the Four Humours 

  •  Aristotle suggested the body was made up of four humours – blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile. These were linked to the four seasons and the four elements. They need to be in balance for good health. 
  •  Treatments developed from the theory aimed at bringing humours into balance. You could get rid of an excess humour by purging, vomiting or blood-letting. 

Natural Beliefs and Treatments – Hippocrates 

  • Hippocrates is acknowledged as the father of modern medicine. He was born on the island of Kos. 
  •  He believed in natural causes of disease, and encouraged doctors to treat illness using natural methods. 
  •  The Hippocratic Oath is a promise made by doctors to obey rules of behaviour in their professional lives. Doctors still take the Hippocratic Oath today! 
  •  The Hippocratic Corpus is a collection of medical


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Medicine through time (OCR History A) resources »