Strengths and weaknesses + online studies
Abnormality is based on conflict during development
· Imbalance of ID: Addiction/psychopathology
Or Ego: OCD/Anorexia
· Stages of development: Oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital
· Repressed childhood thoughts cause mental conflicts in adults and adolescents
- Unconscious mind cannot be tested
- Based on the interpretation – has little backing from science
- Used case studies for approach (low generalizability)
+ Give explanation for the importance of childhood trauma
(Hammersley et al) http://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/182/6/543.full
(Fergusson et al )
Abnormal behaviour/mental illnesses are learnt:
Classical Conditioning (Phobias (white rat))
Operant conditioning (Consequential (positive/negative reinforcement)
- Does not explain genetic influences for mental influences
+ Shows how mental illness can be found throughout a family that live together
+ classical and operate conditioning is widely accepted, Pavlov dogs
(Watson + Rayner) Little Albert
genetic inheritance, neuroanatomy, biochemistry, and viral infection
(McGuffin) identical twins 40% either had depression or didn’t compared to 11% of non-identical twins
(Wender)- found that the biological parents of an adoptive child who suffers from depression are 7 times more likely to suffer from depression too compared to the adopted parents of the child.
Mental illness is the result of inappropriate, disordered thinking.
Over-generalisation: a conclusion is reached on the basis of one event or incident. E.g failing a test means you’re a failure at life.
Maximisation: maximising failures, e.g failing a puzzle and thinking general stupidity.
Minimisation: minimising successes, putting good grade down to luck.
- Blames patient rather than circumstances
- What comes first unhealthy thoughts then mental health issues or do mental health issues cause unhealthy thoughts?
- Expensive and time consuming
- False memories-…