Wiemar Germany

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Sparticists uprising

- In January 1919

- Left wing communists 

- Karl Liberknect and Rosa Luxemburg were the leaders 

- They wanted Germany to be run bt workers, councils or soviets 

- It was in Berlin 

- used the frikorps and some ex-soldiers

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- They wanted the old Germany back 

- Frikorps were sent to attack sparticists and defeat them 

- A message was sent saying that Germany wanted them and to take out the sparacists 

- They killed Libenknect and Luexemburg 

- They were ex-soldiers mostley officers 

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Kapp Putsch

- It was on the 13 March 1920 

- It was in Berlin 

- The Frikorps tried to take over Berlin 

- They feared that communism would over take

- A general strike was called which stopped all water transport and power 

- After 6 days of the strike kapp gave in and fled- he was later captured and died whild awaiting trial 

- Ernest rhom joing other political partys after the Kapp putsch 

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French invasion of the Ruhr

- When Germany didnt pay the reparations in 1922 (partly becuase of bad luck but also becuase Ebert was testing the waters)

- But in January 1923 the French invaded the ruhr and took what was owed to them

- The French were aloud to do this - they also had war debts to pay to america

- Ebert repeted what he did in the kapp putcsh and called an general strike

- the french reacted badly killing 100 workers and expelling 100,000 protestors 

- The rest of trade had slowed down in all of Germany

- Ebert paniced and printed money 

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- During the strike during the French invasion of the ruhr, Ebert printed lots of money 

- Although the big bisnusses could now pay of debts it lead to too much money being in curculation.

- Prices and wages rocketed leading to Hyperinflation 

-Money became worthless & middle class Germans saw their life-savings wiped away overnight.

-Ebert was forced to resign in August 1928

- A new government was formed under Gustav Stresemann 

- The strike was called odd amd he recalled all the worthless money. destroyed it and created a new currency called the rentenmark

-Negotiated the dawes plan in 1924 which spread the reperations over a longer period of time 

- Allowed Germant to borrow 800 million marks from the USA 

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Munich Putsch

- on November the 9th 1923 there was a short scuffle which killed 16 naziz 

- Hitler fled but was arrested 2 days later

-Hitler assembled a large group of young unemplyed men and women  known as the stormtroopers which attaced other political groups 

- on the 8th of novemeber 1923 Hitler and 600 SA burst into a meeting at the local beer hall 

- Hitler hoped to take power by starting a revolution,at first the nazis were just a terrorist group 

- SA took over the army heaquaters and thr offices of  local newspapers.

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Treaty of Versailles

- It was harsh on Germany,  They were not aloud to be in the paris peace conference.

The main terms were: 

                               - Germany lost 10% of its land 

                               - Lost all overseas colonies 

                               - 12.5% of German Population now living in other countries

                               - Lost 16% of coal and 48% of irom industries 

                                -Army reduced to 100,000, no air force and reduced army 

                               - Germant to blame for war and not alud to join leauge of nations 

                               - pay 6 million repearations 

The people who signed it were known as the november criminals, armistice day 11/11/18

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Defeat in war

- between 1918 to 1919 

- Germany virtually bankrupt 

-Kaiser Wilhelm was forced to flee

- Many Germans were unsure about the idea of democracy 

- They were lost

- Germany were in chaos 

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New democracy constitution

- Rules on how how Germany will be ruled 

- Set by Frace, Britain and America 

- President and chancellor 

- Democratic free speach 

- Complete democracy 

- Lots of political parties 

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