Constitution- laws of a country
Start of Weimar Republic
-Kaiser Wilhelm left Germany, due to him taking the country into a war of which many Germans were sick and tired. There were riots and rebellions all over Germany as millions of people grew close to starvation.
-Freidrich Ebert took Kaiser's place as leader of Germany.
-Germany surrendered, bringing an end to the war.
-Ebert ordered improvements to living conditions and help for the unemployed.
-He guaranteed freedom of speech, religion, and arranged elections for a new German Governement. He decalred Germany would be a democratic republic.
-Most people were happy apart from a group of Communists, who did not want the country to be run by the Parliament.
-They tried to revolt. Thousands of Spartacists roamed around the streets of Berlin firing guns and taking over important buildings. The Freikorps got involved and killed them, ending the revolt.
-Ebert held the election and Ebert became the leader. Because of the violence in Berlin he set up in Weimar, where they met to discuss how to run Germany.
- The constitution was incredibly fair. All Germans had equal rights, including the right to vote.
-All Germans have free speech.
-Proportional Representation meant that lots of different political parties were able to win seats in the Reichstag.
-Women could vote.
-The president could take actions quickly in an emergency.
-Each state had its own assembly to represent local interests.
-Provided a strong leader to keep control over the country in an emergency.
-Difficult to make decisions and introduce laws because there was many parties.
-The president could use Article 48 to become a dictator.
-Local States could resist the authorities of central government.
-It was too radical an experiment given the volatile nature of German society after the war.
-Not one party had enough seats in Parliament.
-Elected by voters- every seven years- People/Men/Women
-Commaned the army, appoint/dismiss Chancellor
-Could dissolve Reichstag and arrange for new elections.
-In an emergency, could issue laws by decree and override constitutional rights of the German people.
-Stayed out of day-to-day running of the country. In a crisis, he could rule on his own- without getting support of the Reichstag.
-Using special 'emergency powers' known as Article 48
-chosen by the president, elected for four years.
-Proposed laws to the Reichstag
-Responsible for day-to-day running of the country- law and order, taxation, schooling, health care and so on.
-Must have the support of at least half the politicians in the Reichstag to introduce new laws.
-Elected by all Germans over 20.
-Could give advice and reject new laws
-All men and women over the age of 20 could vote
-They elected the president and the politicians in the Reichstag.
-The constitution guaranteed them basic freedoms- such as free speech