- Created by: niamhbutlerxxx
- Created on: 14-06-18 10:42
WAR, CONFLICT & TERRORISM
Refugees- Dabaab Camp in Kenya, home to 330,000 civilians, orignially intended for 90,000
Suicide Bombs- Less than 5 per year in the 1980s, 496 in 2016 across 28 countries, 78% of victims being civilians.
Bombings are the most popular method, 209 used from 1980-2005
9/11- 2996 died and over 6,000 injured, 12% of these being NOT American
Since 9/11, fatalities from terror attacks have increased by 195%, incidents by 460%
Between 2001 and 2015, only 2.2% of terror fatalities occured in the USA or West
Between 2006 and 2011, Muslims suffered between 82 and 97% of terror related fatalities
Final fincial cost of the GWOT is expected to be $5 trillion
Hiroshima deaths- 140,000, Nagasaki- 100,000,
Nuclear arsenal: Russia-7,500 and USA-7,200
Veitnam invading Cambodia (1978)- 1.7 to 2.5 million deaths of a population of around 8 million.
4,500 Albanian bodies in Kosovo dug up some months after the war. Total number of Albanians killed is believed to be between 10,000 and 30,000.
POVERTY & DEVELOPMENT
12% of children enrolled in education in Ghana
Ivory Coast- life expectancy is 50
Firestone Plantation in Liberia, 1920s- workers paid $3.19 per day and expected to work up to 21 hours
World Bank estimate the corruption cost to be $1 trillion every year
Two billion people live in countries where development outcomes are affected by fragility, conflict and violence.
95% of refugees and internally displaced live in developing countries
Conflicts in Africa have cost them $150 billion
43% of people in Sudan live on less than $1.90 per day, 95% in the Darfur region
POVERTY & DEVELOPMENT CONTD
2015, UK sending £250m in aid to India, despite India spending £70bn on welfare, Indian Finance Minister described it as 'peanuts'.
75% of US foreign military financing goes to two countries: Israel & Egypt
More than a quater of countries in Sub-Saharan Africa are poorer now than in 1960, implies that aid is not effective
2011, aid to Liberia was $765 million and made up 73% of its GNI but last year, every one of the 250,000 people who took the exam to get into University failed.
West Africa produce 3/4 of the worlds cocoa but virtually none of its chocolate, instead countries in the Global North e.g. America and the UK produce the chocolate and gain the profit from it.