- Created by: Q_
- Created on: 07-04-19 18:12
The Imperial Presidency
Imperial Presidency: A presidnecy characterised by the misuse of presidential powers - especially in foreign policy.
- When North Korea invaded South Korea President Truman sent US troops to South Korea without any congressional authorisation.
- In 1958, President Eisenhower sent 14,000 US troops to Lebanon without congressional authorisation.
- In 1961, President Kennedy launched the disastrous attack on the Bay of Pigs in Cuba without congressional authorisation.
- In 1970, President Nixon bombed Cambodia without even the knowledge, let alone the authorisation of Congress.
The Imperilled Presidency
Imperilled Presidency: A term coined by Gerald Ford to refer to a presidency characterised by ineffectiveness and weakness, resulting from Congressional over-assertiveness.
Congress's reaction to the 'imperial presidency' was re-assertiveness. It passed a number of pieces of presidency-curbing legislation, especially in the field of foreign policy.
- The Case Act (1972) forced presidnets to inform Congress of all executive agreements made with foreign states.
- The War Powers Act (1973) attempted to limit presidents' use of troops unless Congress declared war or gave 'specific statutory authorisation'.
The immediate post-Watergate presidents - Ford and Carter - found their hands much more tied in what became known as the era of the imperilled presidency.