Types of Bone

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Long Bone

  • A long central shaft
  • Has bulbous ends that form parts of joints
  • Long bones are used as levers for movement
  • Also blood production and mineral storage are properties of a long bone
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Flat Bone

  • Flat Bones offer protection for organs
  • They also provide strong, firm anchorage/attachment sites for muscles, for example;
    • Bicep to Scapula to move the lower arm

Examples of Flat Bones:

  • Scapula
  • Cranium Plates
  • Sternum
  • Pelvis
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Short Bone

  • Designed for strength and support
  • They are fairly cuboid in shape, as they are short on most sides


  • Carpels (in hands)
  • Tarsels (in feet)
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Irregular Bone

  • Irregular shaped
  • Often specialised bones

Some examples:

  • Vertebrae
  • Facial Bones
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Sesamoid Bones

  • Designed to reduce friction at joints, such as the Patella at the knee joint
  • Also they offer protection
  • Usually encased in a tendon
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