Turning to Crime - Biology - Wilson and Daly
Wilson and Daly
Status competition has been evident in males since neanderthal times when they had to fight/kill for a mate and food. This evolutionary theory has supposedly been passed down from generations.
Aim: Examine gender patterns in violent crimes
Method and Procedure: Analyse data from Police records. This study reviewed homicide cases, analysing age and sex of the offenders and victims.
Results: Homicide is a crime committed mainly by males. It was found that most homicides concerned status competition (showing off, jealousy, retaliation).
Conclusion: Wilson and Daly argue there's an evolutionary explanation for the results. They state dangerous, confrontational conflict is widespread in the animal kingdom.
E.g. Risk-taking behaviours - a criminal behaviour - as opposed to fighting for food/mate (outdated in todays society). This explain's why there are more males in prison (95% Male; 5%Female) and why males commit crime for status cmpetition.