Tsar Nicholas II Russia 1917-1939 Unit 4 GCSE History Controlled assessment

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Tsar Nicholas II- Personality

  • To those around him, he was kind, sensitive and generous.
  • He was clever; a quick learner.
  • He was deeply religious and well meaning, and seemed to generally want happiness and prosperity for his people.
  • He was an autocrat-born in to the role of dictatorship over Russia, with no democracy. He thought democracy would collapse Russia.
  • He could be cruel and merciless and would not stand for opposition-is answer was always violence.
  • He was Anti-Jewish.
  • He was ignorant to governmental matters.
  • He has only been trained as a soldier; he had never been taught statemanship, although he should have.
  • He never visited factories, villages or went on tours; information about what was going on came from a small number of people who were keen to protect him from the realities of life in Russia.
  • He was a bad listener than ignored advice, and was also a bad decision-maker.
  • Peasants saw him as second to God, as taught by the Church.
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Tsar Nicholas II- Family

  • He was very family orientated.
  • His wife was German.
  • The Tsarina, his wife, Alexandra was shy but strongwilled and would demand that he spend family time in the evenings, and encouraged him to withdraw from public events to a private family world.
  • She was very in love with Nicholas.
  • She was determined that the Tsar did not share any of his powers.
  • Nicholas' family always came first.
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How did it lead to revolution?

  • The Tsar had little idea as to how much peasants and workers suffered.
  • He had no idea how to rule Russia properly.
  • His wife controlled him, making him spend family time, neglecting governmental issues and was determined he should not share his powers, which means that he ignored a lot of advice.
  • Therefore, the Tsar was not ruling Russia properly.
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