HOW WAS RUSSIA RULED?
- Russia was ruled by autocracy, Tsar Nicholas II.
- The Tsar was believed to be chosen by God.
- The Russian people had little freedom.
- All unions of workers and strikes were forbidden.
- Newspapers and books were censored.
- Tsar were determinded to suppress all opposition through the OKHRANA (secret police).
- Oppentents to the tsar and his system were imprisoned without trial, or exciled to Siberia.
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WHY WAS THERE GROWTH OF OPPOSITION?
- 22nd January 1905
- peaceful march to the Tsar's Winter Palace to petition for better working conditions.
- soldiers panicked and fired on the crowd killing hundreds.
- the Russian people lost all affection for the Tsar.
- there were strikes and a mutiny in the navy.
- in order to avoid more chaos, Nicholas II issued the OCTOBER MANIFESTO, in which he promised freedom of speech, to end censorship and a national parliment (duma).
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