Russia 1917-1939

revision notes for GCSE History

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  • Created by: Lucy
  • Created on: 12-12-11 11:41

HOW WAS RUSSIA RULED?

  • Russia was ruled by autocracy, Tsar Nicholas II.
  • The Tsar was believed to be chosen by God.
  • The Russian people had little freedom.
  • All unions of workers and strikes were forbidden.
  • Newspapers and books were censored.
  • Tsar were determinded to suppress all opposition through the OKHRANA (secret police).
  • Oppentents to the tsar and his system were imprisoned without trial, or exciled to Siberia.
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WHY WAS THERE GROWTH OF OPPOSITION?

Bloody Sunday

  • 22nd January 1905
  • peaceful march to the Tsar's Winter Palace to petition for better working conditions.
  • soldiers panicked and fired on the crowd killing hundreds.
  • the Russian people lost all affection for the Tsar.

1905 Revolution

  • there were strikes and a mutiny in the navy.
  • in order to avoid more chaos, Nicholas II issued the OCTOBER MANIFESTO, in which he promised freedom of speech, to end censorship and a national parliment (duma).

 

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