Toxtheth, Liverpool

  • Created by: NehaG2
  • Created on: 28-04-18 17:06


Location on map

Part on inner Liverpool (1.5km South of city centre)

1 of 6

Natural Characteristics and Past

  • Occupies undulating land rising up from banks (River Mersey)
  • Stream flows Northeast, dividing into two before discharge into river
  • The mersey - fast flowing past Toxteth as narrow channels before passing into Liverpool Bay, little foreshore at Toxteth

Past Charcteristics

  • Saxons - settlement Domesday times 1086 records, coastal villages along banks of Mersey
  • After Norman conquest - given to knight, Roger of Pictou
  • Early 13th century - King John took control as large hunting forest, remained fenced off for 300 years
  • End of 16th century - Farming
  • 17th century - small scale industries, use of water power from dammed stream
  • Industrial Revolution - major port for industries
    • Urban and industrial nature e.g. copper works 1772 and ceramics factory
    • Flour milling and brewing developed for growing population
  • River bank lined with docks, ship building yards (specialise handling timber imported from Scandinavia
2 of 6

Past Characteristics continued

  • Toxteth had housing scheme with wide streets and villas
  • Attractive greenfield site for property developers who built for middle class ( escape congestion and declined environmental quality index)
  • Growing service sector and managerial jobs in manufacturing
  • 19th century - demand for housing and space meant area behind large villas use for cheap poorly constructured houses
    • Epidemics such as thypoid and cholera erupted in unhygenic conditions
    • Terraced houses dominated near docks for industry workers
  • Exodus of middle class, disposable income increased and urban transport improved), relocation to greenfiels sites on edge of city
  • 150 years change - from small rural community to inner city suburb in large metropolitan area
  • Rural fields replaced by built environment 
  • Increasing connections nationally and internationally
  • Goods passing through docks traded over country and UK
3 of 6

Present: Demographic, Socio-Economic and Cultural

  • Toxteth had few elderly residents, majority between 16 and 64 and few children
  • Ethnic diversity in Liverpool
  • Attracting migrants with large influx of Irish in 19th century
  • 2nd World War - employment and housing for migrants increased rapidly
    • Port links with many countries e.g. Asia, Hong Kong, West Africa, Caribbean 

Socio-economic profile

  • Average houshold size 1.9 people, England 2.4 people
  • Car avaiablilty 54.4%, England 25.6%
  • Bad or very bad health 9.4%, England 5.6%
  • Aged 16 or over no formal qualifications 27.2%, England 22.5%

Cultural face

  • Marks a lot of festivals - Eid, Ramadan, Friday prayers of Muslim community
  • Black African community- distinct foms of Christian worship
  • Diversity - 19th century whe Green Orthodox Church was built and synagogue (Jewish)
4 of 6

Present-day Characteristics

Political Charcteristics 

  • Toxteth part of Riverside Ward, 1 of 30 wards making up Liverpool City Council
  • Each ward returns 3 councillors
  • Council has responisiblites of education, children's services, regeneartion, housing and sustainability. 
  • Part of Liverpool Riverside parlimentary constituency, electorate of 73 000
  • Also have local groups influenced on place profile and focusing on place heritage 

Built Environment

  • Migrant communities influence - mosques, ethnic retailers and new buildings have been constructed changing places
5 of 6

Shifting flows of resources and ideas changing loc

  • Experience of loss of employment in docks and manufacturing jobs
  • Much of economy dominated by docks and industries such as processing of goods imported, e.g. sugar refining and glour milling
  • Containerisation and migration of docks further North at Seaford led to unemployment
  • Susequent poverty was significant to riots 1981 - civil disturbance
  • Since early 1980s, initiatives to remake Toxteth
    • Meryside Development Cooperation regenrate former dock areas
    • 1988 - major art gallery, Tate Liverpool, opened
    • 2008 - European Capital of Culture, boost tertiary employment cultural tourism
    • Waterfront recognised by UNESCO World Heritage Sites, offering employment
    • 2003 - Liverpool science Park, development in knowledge economy 
    • EU funding - structural and investment funds strategy - regenerate liverpool profile
    • City's Low Carbon sector expand offshore wind technology - Europe's largest offshore wind farm
  • However, survey oflocal businesses in Liverpool - applicant have lack of skills and technical knowledge - no skills or qualifications
  • Multiplier effect - provides inward flow of investement -change socio-economic factors
6 of 6


No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Case studies resources »