THEORIES OF POST-WAR MIGRATION

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PUSH/PULL FACTORS

PUSH FACTORS such as...

  • Poverty
  • Lack of economic opportunities
  • Political strife/oppression
  • Lack of civil/human rights

PULL FACTORS such as...

  • Socio-economic opportunities e.g. employment, education, health care etc
  • Famly links
  • Former colonial ties
  • Higher standard of living
  • Political/social/religious freedom

CRITICISMS...

  • Oversimplifies a complex and multifaceted topic
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'NEW MIGRATION'

  • Castels and Miller (2003)

Global migration trends characterised by five features...

  • Acceleration- greater numbers than ever before
  • Diversification- in terms of a complex array of motivations behind migration
  • Globalisation- more countries involved in sending and receiving than ever before
  • Feminization- more female migrants to meet demands for domestic work, sex tourism and 'mail order brides'
  • Politicization- migration seen as valuable at the same time as threatening

CRITICISMS:

  • Based on the notion of a 'state'- maybe migration should be discussed in reference to different urban regions?
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'PROCESS OF SYSTEMS'

  • Migration a product of interconnections between micro and macro processes
  • Macro refers to wider processes like economic conditions such as demand for more labour power and political conditions such as conflict and instability
  • Micro refers to individual knowledge, resources and understanding of migrants

CRITICISM:

  • Vague
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