Key Concepts

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  • Key Concepts
    • Power
      • One group has more power over another group
      • According to diagram in Frost - The State has the most power and Children have the least
      • Foucault
      • Directly linked to influence
    • The Nanny State
      • State that could be considered to be interfering in peoples lives and perhaps over protective
      • Linked directly to New Right
      • Policies introduced and used could disadvantage failing families
    • Post-Modernity
      • Condition or state that has moved from modernity to post-modernity
      • Movement in the late 80s
      • Focused on the idea of change
      • Modernity to Post-Modernity
        • Modernity - a more certain time and set roles with fixed identities
        • Post-Modernity - an more uncertain time, instability and upheaval - Ziggy Bowman (Liquidity)
    • Life Chances
      • Potential to acheive
      • Socially desirable
      • Being poor or social class can lead to failing life chances
      • Opportunities to achieve
      • Weber
    • Social Exclusion
      • Individuals feel isolation
      • Don't get access to support they require
      • The denial of citizenship and obstacle of participation
      • Policies of ostarity the value of benefits have been reduced and level of wages have been reduced - support services have been stripped back - being part of the community has become harder
      • Burn
    • Relative Poverty
      • Condition in which people with minimum income needed to maintain the basic standard of living
    • Broken Britain
      • Teenage pregnancy, gang crime, child neglect, poor education system
      • Widespread state of social decay
    • Polarisation
      • Segregation of groups within society
      • Increasing inequality between groups
      • Economic inequality has been caused by Neo-Liberalism policies
    • Welfare State
      • Collection of policies that establish state provision of services
    • Gini Co-Efficient
      • Used to measure the inequality within a given society
      • UK's score is 0.34
    • De-Industrialisation
      • Had an effect on the job market and shift patterns
      • More families ended up on beenfits such as Family Aid
    • Regulation
      • Set of rules maintained by authority - the state
    • Neo-Liberlaism
      • Pro-capitalist economic theory
      • competition is a defining characteristic of society
      • Garrett
        • Discourse
          • Refers to the ways in which we think and speak about society
          • Structures and orders language and in fact society
          • Gives meaning to certain and specific situations
          • Foucault
      • All about the individual
    • Discourse
      • Refers to the ways in which we think and speak about society
      • Structures and orders language and in fact society
      • Gives meaning to certain and specific situations
      • Foucault
    • Family
      • A group of persons linked together by blood, marriage or adoption
      • Failing family
        • A family that does not meet the standard of normal standard
        • Guardian Handouts
        • Familiy in poverty - economically poor
      • Famiily Practices
        • Fiona Williams
          • Families are what families do
    • Authoritatrian State
      • The way in which the state exerts its authority- typically quite conservative (no diversity)
      • Sanctions on benefits
    • Surveillance
      • Being watched and considered - benefits and Every Child Matters
    • Rhetoric
      • Persausive language
    • Neo-Conservatism
      • Opposite of Neo-Liberalism
      • Focuses on morals
    • Perverse Incentives
      • Incentives that will stop what we don't want to happen
    • Communitarianism
      • Political ideas that brought family and community back into the spotlight
      • Putnam
      • Becomes important during New Labour
        • policies to mak family life easier

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