Ellipsis - 'you going to the party' 'might be' 'are' and 'I' are missed out.
False starts - Begins with an utterance and then stops.
Filler - 'er' 'um' 'ah' - voiced pause
Grice Maxim - quantity, relevance, manner, quality.
Hedge - soften or weaken force something is said 'perhaps' 'maybe'
Prosodice features - HOW something is said
Idiolect - distinctive style of speaking
Amelioration - words meaning lessen over time
Discourse Structure - structure of the text
Prepost modification - adjectives becom before noun to describe it
Semantic field - words come together with similar connotations
Dialect - distinctive grammar and vacabulary associated with a regional of social use of language
Discourse marker - words or phrases used to signal relationships between utterances 'first' 'on the other hand' 'now'
Connotations "con" - "with" psychological associations that come with with words
Declarative - states/describes something
Imperative - sentence that commands
interrogative - sentence that is a question
euphemism - passed away euphemism for death harsh (less) reality
1st person = I 2nd person = you 3rd person = he, she, it
Denotations - dictionary definition of the workd
Pragmatics - the underlying meaning
Determiner - words that become before a noun to determine it "THE hat" "HER father"
a/an = indefinite the = definite
Preposition - position things in a sentence "to" "under" "behind" "on" "at"
Passive tense - sentence where the object is being acted upon by the subject "tha ball was kicked by the boy"
Patterning - repeating sentence structure
Emoticon - Iconic representations of emotion :)
Hyperbole - exaggeration
Virtuous Error - child makes mistakes with language
Voiced pause/unvoiced pause - "erm" "um"
Colloquial - language of speech
Clause - "It was cold"
Sociolect - working class speech
Tag question - words added to a declarative to turn into a question
litotes - understatements
Paralinguistic features - facial, gesture, movement
Back formation - word is shortened "**** = ****ography"
Vague language whatever, thingummy etc
Accent - ways in which words are pronounced
Adjacency pairs - "how are you?" "fine thanks"
Contraction - she will =she'll can not = can't
Phatic talk - small talk - follows pattern
Non fluency features - hesitations, false starts, fillers, repititions, overlaps and interuptions