- Yeats is criticising heaven and questioning faith
- He questions existance & heaven
- Yeats presents Maud as his heaven
- Maud Gonne- can't escape her and still has strong feelings towards her (unfulfilled desire)
- Metaphysical Poem- questions God/heaven/external world.
Language and Imagery
"Suddenly"- Explosive, immediate opening, drawn into poem, revelation.
"Ice Burned"- Oxymoron/opposites, sounds torturous as both are extreme temperatures being explored. His passion and lust has been cooled and his heart is left frozen/cold. Links with 'Easter 1916' ("a terrible beauty is born") and ''The Cat and the Moon' where oxymorons are used - represents that some relationships cannot work because they are too irreconcilable/conflictng.
"With hot blood of youth"- Unfulfilled sexual desire keeps him young in feelings even though he should be over this.
"Memories"- Links with The Man and the Echo; makes us think of regret. Yeats is regretful for not consuming his love for Maud Gonne.
"love crossed long ago"- Romeo and Juliet, 'star crossed lovers', suggests he has moved on from this point and is over Maud Gonne.
"Untill I cried and trembled and rocked to and fro" - Triple emphasis & active verbs suggest breaking. Yeats has lost mentality/sanity/rationality.
Ends with rhetorical question- questions faith- will he have a purgatorial punishment. Similar to Leda and the Swan, Among Schoolchildren, The Second Coming.
- Rhyme is erractic and inconsistent like Yeats' thought- the poem is like a whirling mass of emotion.
- Irregular rhyme indicates confusion/doubt/fear and suggests unrelating pain that he cant escape Maud.
- The first sentence is extremely long and represents a continuous stream of consciousness.
- Enjambment used to create a continuous flow and reflects the rush of thought that is the result of a revelation.
- Ends with a rhetorical questiong much like many of Yeats others poems- he does not provide answers but only creates more questions through his poems.