THE CHARTIST MOVEMENT

THE CHRTIST MOVEMENT

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Georgia
  • Created on: 14-06-11 12:03

AIMS

  • All men over 21 could vote (universal manhood suffrage).
  • Vote by ballot.
  • End to land qualification for MPS.
  • Payment of MPs.
  • Equal consistencies (equal in number of votes).
  • Annual elections
1 of 5

ROLE OF LEADERS

  • William Lovett issued charter moral force
  • Francis Place issued charter
  • Fergus O'Connor published 'Northan Star'
  • Physical force
2 of 5

WHY PEOPLE SUPPORT CARTISTS

  • Dissatisfaction- 1832 reform act
  • Harsh poor law
  • Poor living conditions- towns
  • Bad working conditions factories and mines
  • Persecution of trade unions e.g Tolpuddle Martyrs
  • High food prices, especially bread

NOTE

  • Many workers and some middle class supported it.
  • Particularly- Midlands, North
  • Support varied- Strong if unemployment/dear bread
3 of 5

METHODS THEY USED

MORAL FORCE

  • Newspapers, e.g Northen star
  • Petitions 1839, 42, 48
  • Chartist convention 1839 met London- Later went to Birmingham 
  • Meetings and rallies, e.g. Bull Ring, Birmingham

PHYSICAL FORCE- as a result of failure of moral force

  • Call for general strike by convention
  • Rising- Newport 1839
  • Plug plot- Lancashire 1842
4 of 5

WHY CHARTISTS FAILED

  • Lack of middle class support.
  • Radical nature of demands.
  • Division- leaders over moral & pysical force.
  • Hostility of press. Times emphasise violence. Punch- ridicule.
  • Localised nature of movement. 
  • Lack of finance. Supporters WC so lacked funds.
  • Effective use of Goverment power. Troops, police, legal syst. Many chartists arrested.
  • Improvement in working and living conditions. e.g factory act.
  • Economic improvement. 
  • Leadership-poor.
  • People took up other causes. e.g factory reform.
5 of 5

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Britain and the Industrial Revolution resources »