- All men over 21 could vote (universal manhood suffrage).
- Vote by ballot.
- End to land qualification for MPS.
- Payment of MPs.
- Equal consistencies (equal in number of votes).
- Annual elections
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ROLE OF LEADERS
- William Lovett issued charter moral force
- Francis Place issued charter
- Fergus O'Connor published 'Northan Star'
- Physical force
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WHY PEOPLE SUPPORT CARTISTS
- Dissatisfaction- 1832 reform act
- Harsh poor law
- Poor living conditions- towns
- Bad working conditions factories and mines
- Persecution of trade unions e.g Tolpuddle Martyrs
- High food prices, especially bread
- Many workers and some middle class supported it.
- Particularly- Midlands, North
- Support varied- Strong if unemployment/dear bread
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METHODS THEY USED
- Newspapers, e.g Northen star
- Petitions 1839, 42, 48
- Chartist convention 1839 met London- Later went to Birmingham
- Meetings and rallies, e.g. Bull Ring, Birmingham
PHYSICAL FORCE- as a result of failure of moral force
- Call for general strike by convention
- Rising- Newport 1839
- Plug plot- Lancashire 1842
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WHY CHARTISTS FAILED
- Lack of middle class support.
- Radical nature of demands.
- Division- leaders over moral & pysical force.
- Hostility of press. Times emphasise violence. Punch- ridicule.
- Localised nature of movement.
- Lack of finance. Supporters WC so lacked funds.
- Effective use of Goverment power. Troops, police, legal syst. Many chartists arrested.
- Improvement in working and living conditions. e.g factory act.
- Economic improvement.
- People took up other causes. e.g factory reform.
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