The Chartists

  • Created by: UrsyB
  • Created on: 17-03-19 13:32
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  • The Chartists
    • Causes
      • They wanted to be represented in Parliament
      • They wanted the right to vote
    • Aims
      • A vote for all men over the age of 21
      • Secret Ballot
      • Equal electoral districts
      • No property qualifications to be an MP
      • Payment for MPs
      • Annual Parliaments
    • Methods
      • Physical force
        • Fergus O'Connor published the Northern Star
        • Drilled on the moors
        • Violent uprisings using Pikes
        • The Newport Rising in 1839 got 20 Chartists shot
      • Moral Force
        • Birmingham Political Union
        • Mass meetings
        • Petitions
      • Mass meeting of 150,000 people in Glasgow in 1838
      • Multiple petitions
        • 1839 - 1,280,000
        • 1842 - 3,317,752
        • 1848 - 5 million
    • Key events
      • 1819 - Peterloo Massacre
        • Caused the 6 Acts the restricted radical meetings
      • 1832 - Great Reform Act
      • 1867 - Reform Act  gave the vote to 8% of the population
      • 1872 - Ballot Act introduced a secret Balllot
      • 1911 -Parliament Act introduced the payment of MPs
      • 1918, 5/6 aims achieved
    • Key Individuals
      • Thomas Atwood, moral force Whig MP who organised the initial petition in 1830, which had 8,000 signatures
      • Fergus O'Connor, radical MP, physical force Chartist
    • Significance
      • Failure in the short term as the government responded with repression
      • Long term is well remembered, set a precedent for Trade Unions, the Labour Party and the working-class rights movement

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