- Created by: eloise.wroe01
- Created on: 07-03-19 19:56
The Creation of a Soviet Zone after 1949
The soviet zone consisted of 5 German states.
The allies agreed to separate Germany into 4 zones.
22 nazis put on trial in 1946
Political situation and formation of the SED
1945 there was a void left by nazis- lack of direction + resentment between zones.
Soviet Military Admin (SMAD) formed June 1945
SMAD had 50,000 Soviet and German members by Nov 1945
Responsible in 4 areas - military affairs, economy, civil admin and political Qs
June 1945 SMAD authorised political parties
Merger proposed between KDD and SPD - SED formed 1946
The conditions in the Soviet Zone
Post war ratio of men to women 100:135
1945-1947 2 mil women sexually assaulted
Around 1,500 industrial plants and half of all East German railway tracks taken as reparations.
total cost of reparations 1945-1954 = 54 bil Ostmarks
reparations ceased Jan 1954
Land reforms of sep 1945 - all nazi landowners lost land, 33% given to peasants
Growing divisions amongst allies
Marshall Plan introduced in June 1947 - GDR declined aid, worsening its economy relative to the west.
1948 Russian representative walked out of ACC over discussion of Deutschmark
1948 communist takeover of Czechoslovakia hightened tensions
1947 - 1948 Bizonia and Trizonia highlighted divisions
Berlin Blockade lasted for a year starting in June 1948 and ending in May 1949
In total 2,325,808 tons of resources flown into Berlin
The Formation of the GDR
FRG created before GDR in May 1949
Electing members to the people's congress in May 1949 involved the use of a single list of candidates - only 66% approved of this.
A draft constitution made and new state announced 7th October 1949