Roman Sources Evaluation

A spider-diagram of ancient Roman source evaluation.

  • Created by: Lovissa
  • Created on: 01-05-13 15:10
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  • Roman Sources Evaluation
    • Juvenal
      • A satirist
      • Little is known about his life
      • Probably born during the reign of Nero
      • Little evidence that he was well known
      • Paints a vivid image of life in Rome
      • Satire 3
    • Cassius Dio
      • Writing during the 230 years after Augustus
      • Is anachronistic
      • Dramatises history to be spoken as an entertainer
      • His total histories cover the foundation of Rome by Romulus up till his own day. Not all is preserved.
      • Held positions in the senate, such as Consul
      • Uses Tacitus as a source
      • We have summaries by Byzantine monks, Xiphilinus and Zonaras, for the reign of Nero
      • The Roman History: Reign of Augustus
    • Xiphilinus
      • 1070s monk
      • Copied chunks of Dio, ratio of 1:4
      • Only copied the events that interested him, and misses out the events that are uninteresting, e.g. Claudius' invasion of Britian
      • Misses out Dio's explanations of why things happened.
    • Zonaras
      • Early 12th Century monk
      • Paraphrases Dio
    • Suetonius
      • Write about moral character
      • Quotes from original documents from his time as keeper of the imperial records
      • Is dismissed as keeper of imperial records under the reign of Hadrian, so may rely on gossip when writing after Nero
      • Was friendly with Younger Pliny
      • Uses Res Gestae and possibly Tacitus
      • The Twelve Ceasars: Writes in a thematic structure
    • Tacitus
      • Was consul in AD97
      • Probably writing after the emperor Domitian
      • Treated badly under the reign of Domitian and sees a likeness between Tiberius, explaining his hostility when writing about Tiberius.
      • Only parts of his work remain
      • Annals: covers Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, and Nero. Agricola 45: Talks about Domitian Histories:
      • Hates the emperor system and blames Augustus for the end of the Republic
    • Josephus
      • A Jewish historian and arostocrat
      • Captured and Romanised by Vespasian after the rebellion during the Jewish War AD66-70
      • Jewish Antiquities: writes about Claudius
    • Velleius Paterculus
      • Contemporary to Augustus
      • Knew both Augustus and Tiberius
      • Sycophantic as hope to gain political power
      • Praetor in 7AD
    • Apocolocyntosis
      • A satire written  about Claudius
      • Written by Seneca to express feeling after having to praise Claudius
    • Letters from Younger Pliny
      • Can be used to support Tacitus' trustworthiness
      • Writes letters to Tacitus, Rusticus, Rufus, and the emperor Trajan
    • Philo
      • A leading Hellenised Jew in Alexandria
      • Gives a view of a none-Roman citizen, giving insight into ruling of the Roman Empire
      • A philosopher, writer, and political leader
      • writing after the death of Caligula
    • Res Gestae
      • Augustus' self-written obituary, aims to show good points
      • Propaganda
    • Coins
    • Inscriptions/ buildings
      • Are created under a certain emperor are propaganda to improve popularity
        • To show religious connections
        • To honour family, and establish family links
        • To show themselves as powerful, good military leaders, as Gods, important...


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