Gods Divine Attributes
"God" is described as being:
- Omnipotent - meaning all powerful
- Omnibenevolent - meaning all loving
- Omniscient - meaning all knowing
There are numerous other attributes but these are the focus for now.
Its important to be able to outline / demonstrate how Gods attributes can be singly incoherent or inconsistent.
Both the Euthyphro dilemma and the paradox of the stone question the claim that God is omnipotent.
The Paradox of the Stone
"Is God capable of making a stone so heavy that he cannot lift it?"
This challenges God onmipotence because:
- If YES and they can make a stone so heavy that they cannot lift it, they cannot do a thing. It presents us with something that God cannot do and therefore they're not omnipotent.
- If NO and they cant make a stone so heavy they cannot lift, they're also presenting us with something that they cannot do, thus proving that they're not omipotent.
From both possibilities we can conclude using this example that God is not omnipotent.
The Euthyphro Dilemma
In basic terms: Does God love what is good or is something good because God loves it?
If God loves what is good - then God himself does not set the standard of goodness, so who does?If God hasn't set the standard of goodness then God isn't supremely good.
If something is good because God loves it - then every action that god claims is good (even if it isnt good) will be good bcause God commanded it. This cannot work because morally evil actions could then become good, and so God isn't supremely good.