SUCCESSES AND FAILURES IN EATING BEHAVIOUR

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  • Created by: Laura B
  • Created on: 08-06-15 18:27

THE RESTRAINT MODEL AO1

  • Wardles and Beadles model suggested that when people consciously try to lose weight this can have the opposite effect and infact led to overeating 
  • To prove this they conveyed research on 28 obese women 
  • The women were split into 1 of 3 groups - the diet group/ the excersise group/ the non-treatment group 
  • There findings foundthat the women in the diet group ate more than the other groups 
  • This therefore suggests that restrained eating can in fact led to overeating 
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THE BOUNDARY MODEL

  • This model further suggests the reasons why dieting can fail
  • It suggests that the body typically keeps hunger levels abve a minimum level and satiety levels below a maximum level
  • When dieting takes place there is a larger range between hunger and satiaty therefore leading to overeating as it takes an individual longer to feelfull again 
  • Leading to failure in dieting 
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Kern AO2

  • Criticed this theory and suggested that gentic factors also influenced if a diet was successful 
  • They measured 9 people for levels of LPL before and after dieting 
  • They found that those who were fat had higher levels of LPL which made i harder for them to lose weight when dieting 
  • Therefore underming the restraint theory as this suggests that biological factors can also influence whether dieting fails or not 

AO3 - SMALL SAMPLE SIZE 

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THE ROLE OF DENIAL

  • This theory suggests that when we attempt to dent or suppress certain thoughts this can in fact have an opposite effect 
  • In relation to dieting we can allude that...suppress hunger - opposite - eat more- fail 
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WAGNER

  • P's were asked to not think about a polar bear but to ring a bell everytime they thought of a polar bear 
  • They were compared to a control group who were asked to actively think about it 
  • The group rang the bell more than the control group
  • Therefore suggesting the role of denial can affect and encourage eating 
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CULTURE AO2

  • Research also suggested trhat culture may be equally effective in dieting 
  • Found adolescents from Asian backgrounds were more prone to obesity than European's 
  • Suggesting culture is firther important in deeming whether diets may fail or not 
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IDA

GENDER BIAS 

REDUCTIONISM 

DETERMINISM 

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