Unit 3: Topic 14b Explanations for Success or Faliure of Dieting - Key Terms

Key Terms for AQA A2 Psychology, Unit 3, Topic 14a Eating Behaviour - Explanations for Success or Faliure of Dieting  (Pg 171-176 AQA Psychology A)

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14 ­ Eating Behaviour
Explanations for the Success or Failure of Dieting
For A2 AQA Psychology A
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Preload/Taste Test
An experimental technique used in the
study of the control of eating
behaviour. After a preload meal,
participants are asked to `taste' foods.
In fact the amount they eat on the
taste test is measured. Dieters tend to
eat more rather than less on the taste
test after preload, supporting Herman
and Polivy's boundary model of
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Restrained Eaters
A term used for people attempting to
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Post Hoc
A term used in research methods to
describe manipulations or statistical
tests carried out after the study has
been completed rather than being
planned beforehand.
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Boundary Model
Introduced by Herman and Polivy, this
model explains why restrained eaters
sometimes eat more after preloads
than with no preload. Restrained eater
have a cognitive and physiological
boundary controlling eating. The
preload takes them past the cognitive
boundary, and they then eat until they
reach their physiological boundary.
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A drug used in the treatment of
obesity. Orlistat prevents the
absorption of fat from the food we
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