General Secretary in 1922
Controll membership of the party - Chose those who were loyal to him
Control staffing allowed him to put key supporters into secretariat
Control over appointments and could replace rivals
Secret Police, press and education under control of General Secretary
Tough, manipulative, secretive and cunning
Showed great support of Lenin (Milked his death)
Attended and cried at his funeral...
Linked his ideas to Lenin's - e.g. Socialism in one country
Mistakes of the Left Wing - Trotsky
Positives: He was clever, dynamic speech maker, energetic during civil war, led Red Army...
Lenin's right hand man
Late conversion to Bolshevism in 1917 - Bolsheviks mistrust
1923 - Refused to make speech in Lenin's place at 12th party congress - Refused to comepete, Stalin dominated congress...
Aloof and arrogant
People (Bolsheviks) feared his links with the Red Army
Lacked a strong power base
Attacked the party and lacked consistancy
Didn't listen to the party - e.g. Permenant revolution did not create stability...
Mistakes of the Left Wing - Zinoviev and Kamanev
Personalities - Too intellectual, and Menshivik past = Less trustworthy
Switching alliances - First allied with Stalin, however disliked his idea of Socialism in One Country so switched support to Trotsky
Quarelled amongst themselves - Leaving left disunited
Underestimated Stalin - Called him a 'Grey Blur' and 'Comrade Card Index'
Did not allow publication of Lenin's Testament
Mistakes of the Right Wing
Agreed not to publicise Lenin's Testament
Too intelluctual and calm
Underestimated Stalin - (Allied with Stalin)
Gradualist approach to Socialism - supporting the peasants to prosper...
However, he lacked a powerbase which would allow his ideas to be carried through
(Stalin's powerbase was too strong against his)
1928 his ideas were defeated by Stalin's who advocated Collectivisation
Socialism in One Country (Stalin) VS Permanent Rev
Why did Stalin choose socialism in one country?:
Not as agressive as permanent revolution
Focused on strengthening Communism
Appealed to the Communist party
Economically more viable
Contradicts left ideas (Trotsky) - EXCUSE TO FACTIONALISM