Stalin's Dictatorship - Reasons for Economic Superpower

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Five Year Plans - Success

  • WELL ORGANISED
    • GOSPLAN SET AMBITIOUS TARGETS FOR EACH INDUSTRY
    • SUCCESS REWARDED, FAILURE PUNISHED
  • ACHIEVEMENTS IN ENGINEERING
    • DNIEPER DAM - HYDROELECTRIC - CONSTRUCTED IN 1931
    • MOSCOW UNDERGROUND RAILWAY - ADMIRED BY RUSSIANS AND TOURISTS
    • OVER 100 NEW CITIES BUILT E.G. MAGNITOGORSK 
  • INDUSTRY SUSTAINABLY EXPANDED
    • BETWEEN 1928 AND 1937 COAL AND STEEL PRODUCTION QUADRUPLED
    • USSR ABLE TO RESIST NAZIS IN 1941 - STRONG ENOUGH INDUSTRIAL POWER
  •  LIVING CONDITIONS IMPROVED OVER TIME
    • ELECTRICITY AVAILABLE, FREE EDUCATION, HEALTHCARE, MODERN FLATS WITH CENTERAL HEATING
  • SHOWED REST OF WORLD THAT RUSSIA CATCHING UP WITH REST OF WORLD
    • BEEN BEHIND PREVIOUSLY - INITIAL AIMS ACHEIVED
    • E.G. STAKHANOV MINED 40 TIMES COAL QUOTA IN ONE SHIFT - WORKERS ENCOURAGED TO BECOME STAKHANOVIVES - BOOSTED INDUSTRY
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Five Year Plans - Failure

  • TARGETS OVERAMBITIOUS - AMOUNT OF YEILD INTENDED NOT ACHIEVED
    • TARGETS RARELY MET - RESULTS EXAGERATED
    • OFTEN MEANT WORKERS HAD TO RUSH TO FINISH PROJECTS - SHABBY RESULTS
  • POOR AND DANGEROUS WORKING CONDITIONS
    • THOUSANDS OF LIVES LOST - WORKERS UNTRAINED AND UNEDUCATED
    • WORK CARELESS - HUGE PRESSURE TO HIT TARGETS - DANGEROUS
    • TOUGH CONDITIONS - LONG HOURS - CONSTANTLY TIRED - CARELESSNESS - INJURY
    • ARGUABLY NOT WORTH LIFE LOSS
  • POOR LIVING CONDITIONS IN CITIES DUE TO MASS INFLUX OF PEASANTS
    • OFTEN OVERCROWDING - RATIONING AND POOR SANITATION
    • ARGUABLY NOT WORTH LOWERED QUALITY OF LIFE
  • UNPOPULAR WITH PEASANTS - LACK OF GOOD PRODUCTION
    • MANY REJECTED RAPID INDUSTRIALISATION - DIDN'T WANT TO HAND LIVES TO STATE AND KULAKS
    • DIDN'T TAKE TARGETS SERIOUSLY - NOT AS MUCH GOOD PRODUCTION
  • TERROR USED - ABSENTEE WORKERS SACKED, 'IDLERS' AND 'WRECKERS' SHOT
    • NOT WORTH POOR TREATMENT OF WORKERS
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Collectivisation - Failure

  • RESISTANCE - UNPOPULAR IDEA AMONG RUSSIANS
    • DESTRUCTION OF CROPS AND LIVESTOCK
    • STALIN HAD TO GIVE PEOPLE INCENTIVES TO COLLECTIVISE FARMS
    • LATER FORCIBLY COLLECTIVISED - THOSE WHO REFUSED WERE SHOT
  • FALL IN PRODUCTION
    • GRAIN PRODUCTION FELL FROM 84 TO 68 MILLION TONS FROM 1930-33
    • LIVESTOCK FELL - SHEEP AND GOATS 178-78 MILLION
  • HUMAN COST
  • TRADITIONAL WAY OF LIFE ENDED
    • FAMINE FROM 1932-33 KILLED OVER 5 MILLION PEASANTS
    • OVER 5 MILLION KULAKS LIQUIDISED
  • PROPAGANDA PERPETUATED MYTH OF HAPPY WORKER
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Collectivisation - Success

  • BY 1937 NEARLY ALL FARMS COLLECTIVISED
    • EFFECTIVE PLAN - PLAN TO COLLECTIVISE HAD WORKED
  • MECHANISATION OF FARMING
    • MORE EFFICIENTLY INCREASED PRODUCTION AFTER 1933
  • FREED UP TO 17 MILLION WORKERS TO CITIES
    • HOWEVER OVERCROWDING WAS COMMON PROBLEM
    • GROWING NUMBER OF INDUSTRIAL WORKERS COULD BE FED (ALTHOUGH RATIONING COMMON)
  • ALLOWED STALIN TO TAKE GRAIN FROM FARMERS AT LOW COST
    • COULD BE EXPORTED OVERSEAS
    • SPREAD COMMUNISM TO COUNTRYSIDE
  • BENEFITS FOR PEASANTS
    • COLLECTIVES BUILT SCHOOLS AND HOSPITALS
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