Welfare State 1960-1990.

  • Created by: KP
  • Created on: 11-05-19 16:47

Education Spending as % of GDP

1960 = 4% 

1970 = 5.4% 

1980 = 5. 3%

1990 = 4.3% 

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Welfare Spending as % of GDP

1960 = 3.6%

1970 = 5.4%

1980 = 6.5% 

1990 = 6.4% 

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Health Spending as % of GDP

1960 = 3.4% 

1970 = 4% 

1980 = 5.1% 

1990 = 4.3% 

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Pension Spending as % of GDP

1960 = 2.9%

1970 = 3.8%

1980 = 4.7% 

1990 = 4.2% 

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Welfare under Thatcher

  • NHS is safe with us 
  • Demand for welfare increased because of economic worsening,
  • slashes in public expenditure had already been encouraged since the IMF loan under a different government. 
  • Unemployment reached 14%
  • Public Sector employment was the same level in 1979 and 1990
  • She wanted to encourage monetarism and private market neo-liberalism. Hoped privatisation of industries, and encouraging housing ownership would drive incentive, expand competition and ensure economic growth
  • there is no such thing as public money, there is only tax payers money. 
  • In reality, the spending on welfare went up for 1st and 2nd terms, and by third term had come down but proportionatly to the governments' growth. 
  • 1980 saw the abolishment of pay related benefits to avoid idleness 
  • the Poll tax 1982. 
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Welfare State 1945.

  • A form of government that provides its citizens with support and basic protection, a safety net for when they are ill, poor, old, disabled or unemployed. 
  • The modern welfare state began with liberal reforms before WWI, Lloyd George, and victorian poor laws. 
  • linked to the 1942 beveridge report commanded under churchill tory government, that identified 5 evils. 
  • there was a belief Uk was not spending enough in comparison to its EU partners. 
  • 1945 GB had no money, new social security systems, and an uncompromising treasury that would limit success. 
  • by 1950, the NHS was costing £350 million a year. 
  • They were dependent on Marshall Aid and the 1947 US deal. 

problems

  • there was very high levels of homelessness. 
  • 750,000+ houses needed. 
  • In reality, was an austere state, just has a great political legacy due to the popularity of bev. R. 
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