Czech revision

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  • 1949 - 1968
    • 1963  - 1968, TV directed by Jin Pelikan, replaced by Jan Zelenka after Prague Spring, 1968
    • 1968 Prague Spring
      • 1968 Soviet + Warsaw Pact Invasion
      • 1968 Action Programme
    • 1950s = switch to heavy industry in 5 year plans
    • de-stalinization process implemented by Krushchev
      • little effect in C/S, until 1960
    • 1960 -1962 = productivity downturn
    • thirty-sixers founded by Havel, 1952
    • January1962 - Dubcek= GeneralSecutary, Svoboda = president, replacement of Novotny
    • 1953 = 20,000 Czech workers demonstrate in Prague
    • 1949 = Gottwald initiates purges - failure of desired results
    • 1967 = new censorship regime imposed
      • student protest in Prague,supressed by fore
    • feb. 1968 = 20th anniversary of Communist rule in C/S
    • 1968 = removal of corrupt hierarchies, government becoming more self-governing
    • March 1968 = Dubcekcalled to Dresden WarsawPact Conference to explain the free media etc.
      • Warsaw Pact not yet seen as threat
    • May '68 = purges of remaining Novotnyites
    • fall of Dubcek= 1968, not replied until 1969
  • 1969 - 1988
    • Dubcek succeeded in his position of General Secretary  in 1969 by Husak
      • failure to support Smrkvosky in 1969 - hockey match against Russia, where C/S won
    • 1970 = screening commissions set up, as a way of 'peaceful' purging of Communist members
      • 1968 invasion had to be referred to as 'fraternal intervention'
      • approx. 50,000 CP members purged or resigned
      • no violent purges - 'humane terror'
      • interested in the political options of the Prague Spring - manipulation of people; wanted them to be able to show flexibility, to admit their participation and to present their change
        • purges 'killed minds, not bodies'
    • HRM collapse in 1969 - 20 memebersrounded
    • 1975 = negotiations of the Helsinki Final Accord, signed in 1976
    • March 1976 = arrest offend members
    • 1972 - 1975 = period of 'atomisation and disintegration of opposition' - Havel
    • 1969 - censorship of the media re-implemented
    • communism without ideology, 1969 - 1989
    • 1975 = approx. 90% of households had a TV set
      • 'the soviet person had the right to relax in front of the tevelsiion after [a] day's work' - Brezhnev
        • Zelenka = headed TV
          • soaps etc. from 1969 aimed to de-legitimise the Prague Spring
  • 1989 - 1998
    • 17 - 18th November 1989 = student demonstrations in Prague
      • 27th Nov. = general strike also planned
      • 19th Nov. = foundations of Citizens Forum in Prague
        • 20th Nov. = foundations of Public  Against Violence in Slovakia
      • 19th - 21st Nov. = demonstrations in Prague for democratic reforms
      • 23rd Nov. = 10,000 worgers from CKD plant join demo
      • 26th Nov. = CF meeting with CPCz; CF manifesto published
        • 28th Nov. = continued 'round table' discussions
      • 29th Nov. = collapse of CPCz party work place organisations + dropping of Marxism-Leninism  as state ideology
      • 30th Nov. = dismantling of Czech-Austia border
      • 3rd Dec. = new provisional government = 5/20 ministers are communists
      • 4th Dec. = more demostrations
      • 5th. Dec. = forced government re-shuffle
      • 6th Dec. = independent trade unions formed
      • 7th Dec. = resignation of Prime Minister Adamec
      • 29th Dec. = Havel elected president by the Federal Assembly
    • 1989 = self dissolution workers' militias
    • 1990 = Civic Forum and Slovak Public Against Violence win elections
    • 1992 elections = victory for right in Czech, but the left = 60% of Slovak votes
    • 23rd July 1992 = Bratislava meeting between Klaus and Meciar

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